Herbicide runoff from four coastal plain soil types

Cover of: Herbicide runoff from four coastal plain soil types |

Published by National Environmental Research Center , Office of Research and Monitoring, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ; for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print.Off., Washington in Corvallis, Or .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Herbicides.,
  • Runoff.,
  • Pesticides -- Environmental aspects.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby G.W. Bailey ... [et al. ].
SeriesEnvironmental protection technology series -- EPA-660/2-74-017.
ContributionsBailey, G. W., National Environmental Research Center (Corvallis, Or.)
The Physical Object
Paginationviii, 98 p. ;
Number of Pages98
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17719525M

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Herbicide Runoff from Four Coastal Plain Soil Types [U. Environmental Protection Agency] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was introduced on December 2, by President Richard Nixon. The agency is charged with protecting human health and the environment.

Get this from a library. Herbicide runoff from four coastal plain soil types. [George W Bailey; National Environmental Research Center (Corvallis, Or.);]. The low-carbon, intensively cropped Coastal Plain soils of Georgia are susceptible to runoff, soil loss, and drought.

Reduced tillage systems offer the best management tool for sustained row crop. Request PDF Herbicide runoff from four coastal plain soil types book Potential for Herbicide Contamination of Groundwater on Sandy Soils of the Delmarva Peninsula | Herbicide leaching was investigated in a field study, modeling study and rainfall.

Comparison of Oxygen Evolution Assay and Bottle Test EC~0 values with literature data on maximum concentrations of waterborne herbicides and metals Test chemical Source of contamination Maxium or ECs0 "worst-case" concentration Oxygen Evolution Assay Bottle Test (/zgl-j) (#gl-t) (#gl-t) Herbicides (by common name) Ditchbank/pond treatment for Cited by: By: Becky Spearman, Michelle Shooter, Tiffanee Conrad, Dan Wells, Randy Wood This publication is designed to help you identify common weeds found in southeastern North Carolina pastures, hayfields, and sprayfields.

It presents descriptions and pictures of some of the most common weeds, and it provides references for other weeds that are not in this publication.

Table Page 67 Summary of county fertilizer distribution data reported by registrants for 68 Properties of commonly used herbicides 69 Atrazine and DCBN applications to four Coastal Plain soil types 70 Physical characteristics of selected river systems in Mary- land 71 Comparison of land use patterns in upper and.

Goals / Objectives Develop conservation tillage systems technologies for Southeastern soils (Coastal Plain, Tennessee Valley, Piedmont, and Blackbelt) that improve soil quality, increase plant available water, improve profitability, and conserve natural resources.

Specific objectives include: (1) develop cover crop management technologies that enhance soil protection from rainfall events. Fisheries and aquatic resources (ponds, lakes, rivers, streams, and oceans) are exceptionally valuable natural assets enjoyed by millions of Americans.

They provide citizens with generous long-term benefits in return for minimal care and protection. These benefits can be direct financial ones that provide employment, profit, and dollar savings.

The data presented in this article are those from the second year of a two-year biosolids-wheat study conducted in the Virginia Coastal Plain. Researchers identified soil types to which biosolids could safely be applied at full agronomic N rates in the fall for wheat without incurring nitrogen leaching problems.

Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life. Earth's body of soil, called the pedosphere, has four important functions. as a medium for plant growth; as a means of water storage, supply and purification; as a modifier of Earth's atmosphere; as a habitat for organisms; All of these functions, in their turn, modify the soil and its.

The article covers in-depth explanations of riparian buffers and controlled drainage; designs, how they work to protect Herbicide runoff from four coastal plain soil types book health and reduce nitrogen and pesticides.

Recommendations for best practices are provided for the coastal plain, lower coastal plain and Tidewater, middle and upper coastal plain, Piedmont and mountain regions.

Comparative assessment of herbicide and fungicide runoff risk: A case study for peanut production in the Southern Atlantic Coastal Plain,Science of the Total Environment. APEX Calibration and Validation of Water and Herbicide Transport under U.S.

Southern Atlantic Coastal Plain Conditions. herbicide is mixed with tilled soil. The other three major herbicides (oxyflurfen, paraquat, and 2,4-D) are foliar-applied (postemergence-directed or overtop), that is, they are applied on the emerged plants without requiring soil to be disturbed.

For the soil-applied. @article{osti_, title = {Leaching and persistence of herbicides for kudzu (Pueraria montana) control on pine regeneration sites}, author = {Berisford, Yvette, C.

and Bush, Parshall, B. and Taylor, John, W.}, abstractNote = {Kudzu is an exotic vine that threatens forests in the southeastern United States. It can climb, overtop, and subsequently kill new seedlings or mature trees. PERSISTENCE OF HERBICIDES IN SOIL IN FIELD TESTS1 Herbicide Alachlor Atrazine Amount applied to soil (Ib/acre) Residual phytotoxicity (months) >12 Butylate Chloramben 2,4-D Diuron2 Endothall Linuron Nitratin Propachlor Propazine Trifluralin 2 12 4.

Among diffuse pollution, Reichenberger et al. () noted 1) surface runoff and erosion, 2) spray-drift, 3) leaching, 4) drainflows (preferential flow), and 5) other sources such as atmospheric deposition and atmospheric transport of wind eroded soil.

Surface runoff is a process by which pesticides are transported in dissolved or particulate Cited by:   Goals / Objectives Develop innovative, sustainable soil and crop conservation management systems for variable, compacted, low-fertility, and low-organic-matter sandy coastal plain soils; advance the knowledge of soil strength, soil variability, photobiological processes and nutrient/chemical transport to improve water and nutrient use efficiency and crop yield and quality.

Using a glyphosate application rate of 1 kg ha –1 (soil concentration = μg g –1, assuming incorporation to a depth of 10 cm and a soil bulk density of ), and an average soil K d =the amount of glyphosate in soil solution would be μmol L –1, which is much smaller than typical Mn 2+, Zn 2+, Cu 2+, and Fe 3 Cited by: A wide range of soil types are used for agricultural production in California.

Cover crops and conservation tillage are used predominantly on finer-textured clay loams or loam soils. More recently, conservation tillage is increasingly used in dairy forage production systems on coarser soil types.

Farm systems. fine fescue, and perennial ryegrass are common types thrives in sun or medium shade. It will not perform of cool-season grasses. Table 3 (page 9) rates the per- well in full sun in the coastal plain, especially if the soil formance of various cultivars of these grasses in North is sandy.

It can be seeded by itself or mixed with Ken-Carolina. The accelerating loss of soil also produces damage outside crop fields and trigger downstream flooding. Click to enlarge. References. Cerdà, A. & Doerr, S.H. Soil wettability, runoff and erodibility of major dry-Mediterranean land use types on calcareous soils.

Hydrological Processes, 21, DOI: /hyp Abstract. Glyphosate-based weed control products are among the most widely used broad-spectrum herbicides in the world. The herbicidal properties of glyphosate were discovered inand commercial formulations for nonselective weed control were first introduced in (Franz et al.

).Cited by: Abstract. The positive impact of elevated atmospheric CO 2 concentration on crop biomass production suggests more carbon inputs to soil. Further study on the effect of elevated CO 2 on soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics is key to understanding the potential for long-term carbon storage in soil.

Soil samples (0- to 5- 5- toand to cm depths) were collected after 2 yr of grain. New forest management techniques are currently being initiated to increase forest productivity or maintain specific forest communities.

There is frequently relatively little information concerning the impact of these practices on soil and water resources. This project will quantify how several of these practices affect the quality and sustainability of soils and water resources in Arkansas, as.

The Alpine: There are four main types of Alpines. The French Alpine which ranges from pure white to pure black, with white spots on the neck, legs and underneath the body, if the animal is not white. Rainfall simulations were conducted to create a min runoff event in an established bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon L.) pasture on soil types common to the Coastal Plain and Piedmont regions.

The Coastal Plain soil type was a Marvyn loamy sand (fine-loamy, kaolinitic, thermic Typic Kanhapludults) and the Piedmont soil type was a Hard Labor. in small burrows in the soil near their food source.

This behavior will continue for up to 60 days, after which the adult beetles die. Eggs will begin to hatch within a few weeks of incubation, and small grubs will start to feed on grass rootlets until soil temperatures drop, when grubs move deeper into the soil profile.

herbicide treatment is delayed and the cut surface has begun to dry, a herbicide/basal oil mixture must be used and applied to the top and around the collar of the stump. For stumps greater than 3 inches in diameter, thoroughly wet the outer edge while avoiding herbicide runoff (Figure 4).

This is because the only living tissue in larger trees isFile Size: 18MB. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model has been used worldwide for many hydrologic and Non-Point Source (NPS) Pollution analyses on a watershed scale.

However, it has many limitations in simulating the Vegetative Filter Strip (VFS) because it considers only ‘filter strip width’ when the model estimates sediment trapping efficiency and does not consider the routing of sediment with Cited by: Cover crops can protect soil health and increase climate resilience of crop production systems.

Agronomic crop producers in the southern USA often demand information on the best cover crops for their locality and cropping system and on the potential impacts of cover crops on stored soil water.

The present research evaluated biomass production and water use efficiency (WUE) of single species. PubMed:Fluometuron and pendimethalin runoff from strip and conventionally tilled cotton in the southern atlantic coastal plain.

PubMed: Simultaneous residue measurement of pendimethalin, isopropalin, and butralin in tobacco using high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection and electrospray ionization/mass spectrometric.

Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in the southeastern United States coastal plain and conventional and conservation-tillage corn (Zea mays L.) in the northern and southern corn belt are examples.

All data necessary to run the model including crop growth, soil microbiology, macropore flow, pesticide ionization potential and other processes will be. Project Methods Within the Yazoo Basin, small Delta oxbow lake watersheds and other selected small Delta watersheds will be used to develop and evaluate innovative farming systems to improve water quality and lake ecology.

Within field, edge of field, and lake management practices will be used in various combinations to improve watershed ecology and provide vital information needed to meet.

Better Soil Better Yields: A Guidebook to Improving Soil Organic Matter and Infiltration with Continuous No-Till All jars herbicide runoff by 92%, 69% and 70% received the same amount of simulated rainfall.

respectively (18). However, plot studies retained more water in the soil than ridge-till conducted on a silt loam claypan soil in. Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).

As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in is the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production (rice, million tonnes in ), after sugarcane ( billion tonnes) and maize (1 Carbohydrates: g.

Comments on “Diversity in Cell Properties and Transport Behavior among 12 Different Environmental Escherichia coli Isolates,” by C.H. Bolster, B.Z. Hazendaroglu, and S.L. Walker in the Journal of Environmental Quality – Gaurav Saini; Pages: First Published: 01 July   In this chapter, four kinds of measurement techniques, including runoff plot method, curve number method, isotopic tracer method, and salt solution method, are introduced.

Runoff plot experiments are often conducted to evaluate the rainfall–runoff processes and widely used to study runoff and/or sediment losses. Eutrophication, strictly speaking, means an increase in chemical nutrients-- typically compounds containing nitrogen or phosphorus-- in an may occur on land or in water.

The term is however often used to mean the resultant increase in the ecosystem's primary productivity-- in other words excessive plant growth and decay -- and even further impacts, including lack of oxygen and.

Monitoring Pesticide Runoff and Leaching from Four Farming Systems on Field-Scale Coastal Plain Watersheds in Maryland A Small Agricultural Watershed Study on Maryland's Outer Atlantic Coastal Plain.

Johnson; L. Hall Jr., Spring Season Pattern of Nitrate-N and Herbicide Movement in Snowmelt Runoff from a Loess Soil in. Vicia villosa. Type: winter annual or summer annual legume Roles: N source, weed suppressor, topsoil conditioner, reduce erosion Mix with: small grains, field peas, bell beans, crimson clover, buckwheat Few legumes match hairy vetch for spring residue production or nitrogen contribution.

Widely adapted and winter hardy through Hardiness Zone 4 and into Zone 3 (with snow cover), hairy vetch is.Evaluation of Best Management Practices January - June TITLE: Evaluation of Best Management Practices AUTHOR: Jane Potter Gates Alternative Farming Systems Information Center National Agricultural Library PUBLICATION DATE: September SERIES: QB NAL Call no.: aZN3 no CONTACT: Joe Makuch Water Quality Information Center National Agricultural .Surface runoff from farming, as well as urban runoff and runoff from the construction of roads, buildings, ports, channels, and harbours, can carry soil and particles laden with carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and minerals.

This nutrient-rich water can cause fleshy algae and phytoplankton to thrive in coastal areas; known as algal blooms, which have the potential to create hypoxic conditions by.

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